Meaning of Plastic Arts
From the Latin ars, art is linked to the creations of the human being that seek to express a sensible vision of the real or imaginary world. These expressions can be expressed in different supports.
The plastic, meanwhile, is to build things with different materiales.De she can say that emanates from the Latin word for “plasticus”, which in turn etymologically comes from the Greek “plastikos”.
According to DigoPaul, the plastic arts are those manifestations of the human being that reflect, with plastic resources, some product of his imagination or his vision of reality. This artistic branch includes works in the fields of painting, sculpture and architecture, among others.
However, we cannot overlook the fact that other disciplines such as photography, jewelry, haute couture, ceramics or engraving are also considered plastic arts.
The first step in the work of a plastic artist usually consists of making a sketch, which involves the development of a quick draft-like design, without instruments or geometric devices. Another task of the initial stages is the elaboration of a sketch or essay.
The plastic arts materialize a representation of reality or an imaginary vision. The creation process includes the search for materials and techniques that allow the artist to have his intention faithfully reflected in his work.
Among the different criteria that are met in the creation or contemplation of a plastic work, the link between figure and background, proportions, movement and planes appear.
Currently, there are many countries that, within their educational systems, are committed to offering the possibility of specializing and training in this area that concerns us. Thus, for example, in Madrid we find the fact that interested parties are given the possibility of carrying out Plastic Arts and Design Studies.
The title of Technician is the one that will be achieved by those completing this training cycle in which they will acquire the necessary knowledge and skills in areas such as artistic crafts, the conservation and restoration of what are cultural goods, applied arts or design in all its variants and facets.
So important is the area of Plastic Arts today that there are various awards that recognize its professionals. Thus, among the most significant awards are the Velázquez Prize for Plastic Arts or the National Prize for Plastic Arts in Spain.
One of the most recognized plastic arts is painting. This art consists of the use of pigments and other substances to achieve a graphic representation on a canvas or similar material.
Within this field throughout history there have been great geniuses such as Picasso, Leonardo da Vinci, Velázquez, Goya, Rembrandt, Van Gogh, Monet, Alberto Dürer, Rafael or Caravaggio.
The sculpture is the art of modeling or carving various materials such as stone, wood or mud. Those works are three-dimensional pieces dedicated to all kinds of figures.
In the field of sculpture, great artists such as Michelangelo, Rodin, Bernini or Chillida have stood out.