According to existingcountries, Jackson is the capital, largest and also the most populous city of the US state of Mississippi and the county seat of Hinds County. It is named after the then US President Andrew Jackson. Located on the Pearl River, the city occupies an area of 276.7 km2, of which about 5 km2 is water. The weather here is very hot and humid in summer and mild in winter.
Even in the 19th century, Jackson was a small town and the population did not increase due to the Civil War. Despite its capital city status, Jackson had only 1,881 residents in the 1850 census. By 1900, however, their number had risen to 8,000. Around 1944, the population rose to 70,000, and since then Jackson has been the most populous city in the state. In 1980, around 200,000 people lived there, but the numbers are still falling. The population density is 678.2 inhabitants per square kilometer. Jackson falls under the Jackson-Yazoo City Statistical Area with more than half a million residents. It is thus the 88th largest metropolitan area in the United States of America.
Members of the Choctaw Indian tribe originally lived in the area where the metropolis is located today. They were forced to move further east of the Mississippi River under pressure from the US government, in accordance with the terms of the Dancing Rabbit Creek Treaty of 1830. Many Choctaws moved to what is now Oklahoma, but many chose to remain in their homeland. That is why today many of them live in various Indian reservations located throughout the state. Their largest community is located in Choctaw, which is about 100 miles (160 km) northeast of the city.
The first settler was French-Canadian merchant Louis LeFleur, who came here along the historic Natchez Trace. The area was then known as LeFleur’s Bluff. Currently, Jackson is home to several large industrial plants. Primary industries include metallurgy, food processing, manufacturing of electrical equipment and machinery, and metal products. Agriculture, livestock breeding, soybean and cotton cultivation are supported in the city’s surroundings.
Jackson is also a city famous for its music – it is the birthplace of blues, gospel and R&B. The world-famous recording studio Malaco Records can also be found here. Many famous musicians are natives of Jackson. Downtown is home to many tourist attractions and historical landmarks, such as the Alamo Theater, Boddie Mansion, Chimneyville Crafts Gallery, City Hall, Jackson Zoo, Mississippi Arts Center, Mississippi Museum of Art, Municipal Art Gallery, Oaks House Museum, Old State Capitol, Smith Park, Smith Robertson Museum and Cultural Center, Sonny Guy Municipal Golf Course as well as the War Memorial Building.
Brices Cross Roads NBS
Brices Cross Roads National Battlefield Site – This one-acre park commemorates the great battle that took place here on June 10, 1864, during the American Civil War between the Union and the Confederacy. The battle was a major tactical victory for the Confederacy, but also a clear example that one battle won is not a war won.
Several battles took place during the Civil War, but they were never isolated incidents. Each battle was the result of a series of actions and events that followed each other and influenced future ones. Brices Cross Roads NBS is located about 15 miles north of Tupelo, Mississippi, where a significant battle also took place.
There are several historic houses in the park, and in the visitor center you can see various artifacts that were found here as remnants of the battle. There are also impressive monuments and several signs that provide quality information about this battle.