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Meaning of Conditional Capabilities

Meaning of Conditional Capabilities

According to DigoPaul, the concept of conditional ability is linked to the physical performance of an individual. Conditional capacities are functional and energetic qualities developed as a consequence of a motor action that is carried out in a conscious way. These capacities, in turn, condition the development of actions.

The strength, the resistance, the flexibility and speed are conditional capabilities. When a physical activity is carried out, a capacity is executed. These abilities are innate but can be improved through physical adaptation and training.

Motor action causes certain substances to be released or exchanged in the body. This process affects the conditional capacities.

It can be said that the conditional capacities are internal to the organism and are determined by genetics, beyond what has been mentioned regarding the possibility of improvement. All people naturally develop a certain capacity for speed, flexibility, endurance and strength.

A professional athlete, for example, will have to train to fully develop these conditional capacities. According to their discipline, they will have to perform specific exercises: while endurance is essential for a marathoner, an athlete looking to excel in 100-meter races will have to work on their speed. Flexibility, on the other hand, is key for a gymnast, but for a weightlifter developing strength will be more important.

Let’s look at a more technical and abstract definition of each of these conditional capabilities:

* strength: although it is a concept that we all use in everyday speech, in the field of sport it acquires a somewhat different meaning. It is not only about the ability to face heavy weights but also to carry out a series of technical gestures with the highest degree of intensity possible without varying the level of execution;

* resistance: another of the conditional capacities that we use daily although without giving it the same meaning as in the professional world. In this case, resistance is what gives us the possibility of supporting a certain load while exhibiting a minimal degree of fatigue. Resistance is measured based on the time taken by the activity and the series of efforts that accumulate throughout it;

* speed: for athletes, speed is not only the ability to move from one point to another in a short time, but also what allows them to give adequate and fast motor responses according to the stimuli received throughout a practice. We could say that it is similar to what in everyday speech we call “good reflexes”, although in this case it requires a lot of development and maintenance work;

* Flexibility: Although we generally associate flexibility with gymnasts who must adopt extreme poses, this concept refers to the body’s ability to adopt any shape without injury. In other words, it can be said that flexibility is the sum of muscle elasticity and joint mobility. To carry out all the actions that a particular sport requires, minimizing the risk of injury, it is necessary to enjoy a great range of motion.

In addition to these conditional physical capacities, there are other types of physical capacities, such as coordinative ones, those that, in order to give the opportunity to carry out certain movements required by sport, it is necessary to have adequate control of certain body segments.

In other words, when an athlete has to perform certain technical movements in a measured and precise way, conditioned by a time limit and by certain characteristics of the playing space, for example, it is necessary to control specific parts of the body to adapt to these limitations and coordinate actions.

Conditional Capabilities

Meaning of Coordinative Capacities

Meaning of Coordinative Capacities

Before proceeding to know the meaning of the term coordinative capacities, it is essential to know the etymological origin of the two words that give it its shape:
-Capabilities derives from Latin, specifically from “capacitas” and can be defined as “the quality of the capable”.
-Coordinatives, on the other hand, comes from the Latin verb “coordinate”, which can be translated as “order” or “combine”.

According to DigoPaul, the coordinative skills are part of the so – called physical capabilities: the body conditions that are often linked to the development of a particular action or activity. These abilities are established by genes, but can be honed through training.

Physical abilities are divided into conditional abilities and coordinative abilities. Conditional physical capacities are linked to the possibility of achieving a movement in the least amount of time possible (speed), to maintaining an effort for a long time (resistance), to allowing the maximum possible travel of a joint (flexibility) and to overcoming a resistance through tension (force).

In addition to all the above, we can highlight the fact that coordinative capacities are considered to be in charge of carrying out three basic functions. And it is that they exercise a fundamental task in motor learning, in life in general and in high sports performance.

Coordinating capacities, on the other hand, are linked to the orderly arrangement of actions to achieve an objective. The following are part of this type of physical capabilities:
-Orientation, which can be defined as the ability of a person to be able to determine both the position and the movements of their body both in time and space.
-Balance, which is the ability to maintain or even recover the position of the body during what is the performance of different movements or positions.
-The rhythm, which is the ability to repeat an orderly structure of movements.
-The differentiation, that an especially exact and economic coordination capacity.
-The coupling or synchronization, which comes to be the ability to coordinate partial movements of the body with each other.
-The change, which is the capacity that the individual must have to be able to adapt to new situations.
-Relaxation, which is the ability to release tension in an absolutely voluntary way of what is the muscles.

Specifically, coordinative capabilities are those that allow a person to execute movements efficiently, accurately and economically. The execution of a motor action that requires accuracy depends on these coordinative capacities to achieve the correct location of the body at the right time.

A professional tennis player, for example, must enhance all his physical abilities. It is clear that you need speed to move, flexibility to return the opponent’s blows, stamina to play several hours and strength to hit the ball. But he must also hone his coordination skills to react to each impact of his opponent, synchronizing his movements without being disoriented and arriving in time to execute his own blows.

Coordinative Capacities

Meaning of Physical Capabilities

Meaning of Physical Capabilities

A capacity is a quality or a condition. The physical, for its part, is that linked to the material or the body.

Physical capacities are called the conditions that an organism presents, generally associated with the development of a certain activity or action. These physical abilities are determined by genetics, although they can be honed through training.

It is possible to differentiate between conditional physical abilities and coordinative physical abilities. The conditioning capacities are the velocity, the force, the strength and flexibility. This means that conditional physical capacities are linked to the possibility of carrying out a movement in the least amount of time possible, of overcoming a resistance thanks to tension, of maintaining an effort over time or of reaching the maximum possible distance of a joint.

According to DigoPaul, the coordinative physical capabilities, meanwhile, are those allowing the provision of actions in an orderly way to achieve a goal. The reaction, the rhythm, the balance, the orientation, the adaptation, the differentiation and synchronization or coupling part of this kind of physical abilities.

Ultimately, it can be said that physical abilities determine the motor performance of an individual. To improve performance in a sport, therefore, work should be done on optimizing physical capacities through specific exercises. In this way it is possible to improve speed, strength, balance, reaction, etc.

It is important to keep in mind, however, that physical capacities also establish a limit set by genes that cannot be overcome with training: no person can run at 200 kilometers per hour no matter how hard they train.

The limits of physical capacities are one of the most recurrent topics of debate among specialists in various fields in which the use of the body is essential to achieve the objectives, such as sports and artistic disciplines such as dance, singing and the execution of an instrument. On the one hand, there are those who say that we all have a limit, different in each individual, while others firmly believe that with effort and dedication we could all achieve the same goals.

The training and improvement of physical capacities make a huge difference between the possibilities that natural talent gives us and those that open up before us once we have access to technical knowledge. Let’s take the case of singers: in popular music, the common is that they use their natural gifts to sing their songs, applying their own style but without many technical foundations; in academic music, on the other hand, the display of skill that can take place in a recital is on a much higher plane.

This is where many of the points of confrontation and debate arise, as some people refuse to study technique for fear of conditioning their creativity, while others do not hesitate because they want to make the most of their physical abilities. As in many other similar topics, all opinions are valid as long as each one reaches its fullness.

For those who do recognize differences in the physical capacities of each individual, limits are not always understood as a measure to assess potential but as a series of data that can help us find the most appropriate path for us. For example, a person with a light, low-volume voice has a greater affinity for baroque music than a Wagner opera, just as someone with a large complexion and stature may be more comfortable playing rough sports than trying their luck at contortionism.

Physical Capabilities

Meaning of Training

Meaning of Training

Training is called the act and the result of training: training, instructing, training or educating someone. The training seeks that a person acquires capacities or abilities for the development of certain actions.

For example: “Tomorrow there will be a training session for the municipal hospital nursing staff”, “When they hired me, I had a month of training before starting to serve the public”, “I don’t think Gómez should be the technical director of the national team: they don’t have enough training ”.

The idea of training appears in different contexts. Companies often allocate resources to train their employees: greater training of workers, better results in terms of productivity, customer satisfaction, etc. Depending on the case, the training may include the teaching of a language, training in a computer system or other type of instruction.

It is important to note that the need to apply training processes in companies begins when a difference is detected between the knowledge that workers have and what they should have to carry out their tasks. To demonstrate this lack of balance, performance evaluations are usually carried out with a certain frequency.

These days, statically defined jobs no longer exist in many companies, as constant changes in the organization often lead employees to cover multiple fields. While this does not mean that each person should have more than one specialty, market demands and tight delivery dates cannot always be satisfied with normal and orderly activity.

According to DigoPaul, training in business must be applied in different stages, each with its own characteristics and needs, and in all cases it is an invaluable investment of time, energy and money. Let’s look at the main four:

* Induction: this is the training that the company provides to workers when they enter, before they begin their normal performance. Supervisors are generally responsible for this training phase, as only they know exactly what knowledge and skills their team members need. For the action to be planned and uniform, the guidelines must be put in writing;

* training: this training is received by operational personnel, generally in the same workplace, when new technologies or functions emerge that the company expects them to know and master as part of their daily tasks;

* Basic training: it is carried out in companies of a certain level, and consists of training young people with special training, with general knowledge of the entire organization, and then assigning them to different positions;

* Development of bosses: it is one of the most difficult undertakings, since this type of training seeks to form attitudes, rather than provide skills or knowledge. While management is involved in the other processes, in this process the action of the general management and the highest levels of the company is necessary.

The notion of teacher training refers to the processes that are carried out so that teachers and professors are prepared to teach their students. These processes involve the transmission of knowledge, but also education about behaviors and attitudes that a teacher should have in the classroom.

In the field of cytology, the last phase of the development of a sperm is called training. At this stage, the male gamete becomes capable of achieving fertilization of the oocyte.

Training of the sperm within a relationship sexual occurs after ejaculation, to the contact with fluids present in the female genital area.


Meaning of Capacitor

Meaning of Capacitor

If we go to the dictionary of the DigoPaul in search of the term capacitor, we will not find it. The concept, which derives from the English language, is used to refer to an electrical capacitor.

It is a system made up of two conductors: materials capable of conducting electricity (the force caused by the rejection and attraction of charged particles). In the case of capacitors, the conductors are separated from each other by a sheet that is used for storing electrical charges.

According to DigoPaul, a capacitor is a passive component since it is not responsible for electrical excitation, but rather serves to connect active components and conserve energy. This allows it to support an electric field.

It is important to mention that the conductors are separated by a dielectric material (which has little conduction capacity). Given the potential difference, the conductors in question have different electrical charges (negative in one and positive in the other), with a zero variation in the total charge.

There are different types of dielectrics, depending on the capacitor and its applications. In the case of air capacitors, which are usually parallel plates in a glass capsule, air dielectrics are used. The capacity values ​​allowed by this type of capacitor are very small, and its applications are radar and radio because it does not suffer polarization or losses in the dielectric, so it can function adequately at high frequencies.

Mica is another of the materials used as a capacitor dielectric, thanks to several of its characteristics, such as the possibility of being cut into thin sheets, a low level of losses, great resistance to humidity, oxidation and high temperatures. In the mica capacitors a sheet of this material is put and on it, aluminum; then many of them are stacked and their ends are soldered to the terminals. While their performance is exceptional at high frequencies and they can withstand high voltages, their price leads consumers to opt for cheaper alternatives.

Other capacitors use the paper subjected to some treatment that increases the insulation and reduces the hygroscopy for the dielectric, such as bakelized paper and waxed paper. For its manufacture, a couple of paper tapes must be stacked, one of aluminum and, finally, two more of paper; everything is rolled into a spiral shape and that’s it.

The self – healing capacitors also use the paper and its application in industrial environments. If an overload occurs that exceeds the strength of the dielectric, the paper cracks and this causes a short circuit between the aluminum foils.

On the other hand, there are electrolytic capacitors, which use an electrolyte as the first armor. If a suitable amount of tension is applied, it provides an insulating layer, generally of aluminum oxide and of a very small thickness, on a second armor, which allows to reach very high capacities.

Capacitors don’t actually store current or electrical charge: what they store is latent mechanical energy. When they are introduced into an electrical circuit, in particular they do work as a device that conserves the electrical energy obtained in the charging period, after which said energy is transferred by the capacitor.

It is called capacitance to electrical capacity that is, to the property of an element to conserve an electric charge. In the case of capacitors, the capacitance is equivalent to the level of electrical energy that it conserves according to the difference in electrical potential.


Meaning of Ozone Layer

Meaning of Ozone Layer

The notion of layer can be used to name something that covers something else or that area that overlaps with others to form a unit. The ozone, on the other hand, is a substance that consists of three oxygen atoms per molecule.

The so-called ozone layer is part of the atmosphere. The atmosphere is called the set of gases that surround the planet: ozone, oxygen, carbon dioxide, nitrogen and others. The atmosphere is divided into successive layers that go from the troposphere (the closest to Earth) to the exosphere (the farthest).

According to DigoPaul, ozone is found in the stratosphere, which develops between 10 and 50 kilometers high. This ozone is essential for life as it is responsible for absorbing ultraviolet rays emitted by the sun.

The ozone layer, whose thickness varies, filters this radiation, minimizing its arrival at the earth’s surface. A reduction in the ozone layer, therefore, favors ultraviolet radiation reaching the Earth, a situation that can generate many problems for humans.

The use of various chemical compounds present in aerosols, fungicides, refrigerants and other products generates an increase in the concentration of bromine and chromium in the stratosphere, affecting the ozone layer. When the ozone layer is reduced, its ability to filter radiation also decreases: the increased arrival of ultraviolet rays to the surface, in turn, increases the cases of skin cancer, cataracts and other health disorders.

Although there is often talk of an ozone hole, in reality there is no such hole in the ozone layer. What the experts have detected is an abnormal decrease in the thickness of the mentioned layer, more noticeable in certain regions.

Substances that threaten the ozone layer

At the end of the 1980’s, the Montreal Protocol was signed, a treaty in which it was agreed not to use those chemicals that could destroy the ozone layer, and thus began a slow and long road to recovery. However, since new substances have been used since that time, which were not included in the document, in 2017 new threats to the integrity of the layer were discovered that could delay regeneration by three decades.

The study carried out in 2017 showed that the use of chlorine chemicals had increased considerably in recent times, both for making plastics and for removing paint. The treaty of 87 does not regulate the use of these compounds, most of which come from Chinese industry.

Since the signing of the agreement, hydrochlorofluorocarbons and chlorofluorocarbons that caused anomalous depletion of the ozone layer have ceased to be used in several countries. The substances that generated concern thirty years later are those that have a short life span; one of them is dichloromethane, used as an industrial solvent. From 2007 to 2017, the percentage of dichloromethane found in the atmosphere increased by 60%.

The second of the compounds of concern is 1,2-dichloroethane, used to make PVC. Although until not long ago it was believed that the decomposition of these substances occurred before reaching the ozone layer, samples obtained in recent years have proven just the opposite.

The research also showed that cold winds carry these substances to the Eastern Pacific from factories located in China, and that is where the air rises to the atmosphere at high speed; if its release had taken place in other parts of the planet, the impact would have been considerably less.

Ozone Layer

Meaning of Stream

Meaning of Stream

Arroyo, from Latin wrinkles, is a short but almost continuous flow of water. The term is also used to name the channel through which the flow runs or the part of the street through which the waters usually flow. For example: “Juan went fishing in the stream: I suppose he will return at dusk”, “Marcela was swimming in the stream when the storm broke”, “The drought made the stream disappear”.

It can be said, therefore, that a stream is a stream of water that usually flows continuously. Its low flow differentiates it from a river since the stream can even disappear in the driest seasons of the year.

So much so that many streams have been utilized for the construction of houses a few meters from its course, and people live quietly all year, just having to endure the time of rains and consequent flooding of the road, although in some places the presence of water lasts no more than a few days. Such is the case of the Arroyo de Totalán, for example, which is located a few kilometers from the city of Malaga, in the Spanish region of Andalusia; its inhabitants lead a normal life and must only accept a few days of incommunicado per year.

According to DigoPaul, streams can flow into a river, lake, or sea. The shallowest part of the stream, which can even be crossed on foot, is called a ford, bath, bath or spa.

Frequently, streams are not navigable due to their low flow. However, it is possible to find streams that can be traveled with small boats. In some countries in South America, the notion of stream is used to name true short rivers that are navigable throughout the year.

Tropical streams, as well as streams, have less stability than rivers, and their channels can go from being completely dry to presenting a powerful torrent almost 10 meters deep in just a few hours, due to a heavy rain. Smaller ones cannot be seen from the air, as they pass under the tops of forest trees.

Although the stream is not particularly striking, it is a body of water that is home to a significant number of animal species; in rain forests it is often home to various species of insects, some amphibians and fish. On the other hand, it should not be forgotten that it is also a source of water for many terrestrial individuals.

The Colombian city of Barranquilla must face the problems generated by the significant water flows that, during the winter, circulate through its streams. In 1920, HERBARD & COMPANY INC studied the situation and raised with the authorities the need to create a storm sewer system, but the lack of funds left Barranquilla without protection against rainy seasons. Almost four decades later another company recommended the channeling of certain streams, which was not carried out either, and currently the inhabitants pay the consequences.

Another use of the term is symbolic and is linked to the tributary of any liquid: “The murderer stabbed his dagger and a stream of blood began to flow from his guts”, “The news generated a stream of tears in those present”.

Arroyo is also the name of several towns and a fairly common surname in Latin America: “My grandfather was born in Arroyo, a town in Cantabria”, “Carlos Arroyo is my favorite player in the Puerto Rico basketball team. ”


Meaning of Repentance

Meaning of Repentance

The regret is despite a person feels for something he has done, said or did not do. According to DigoPaul, whoever repents changes his mind or ceases to be consistent with a certain commitment.

For example: “I have no words to express my repentance: I swear that I will never do something like this again”, “The judge did not find any trace of repentance in the convicted person’s statements”, “Without repentance, there is no point in asking for forgiveness”, “the repentance of the murderer course did not matter for the family of the victim”.

Repenting is a spontaneous act, which must arise from the legitimate understanding of your own mistakes, although this does not mean that they do not happen again. Broadly speaking, a distinction can be made between involuntary and voluntary absences, the latter being the easiest to avoid. Certain psychological disorders lead people to commit acts of varying severity that harm third parties, without really wanting it or, in some cases, without being aware of them.

In cases of this nature, there may be genuine repentance even though the situation does not improve. It is important to point out that some diseases give rise to the commission of crimes such as rape and murder against the will of the person who carries them out; Needless to say, this is very difficult for victims and their loved ones to understand and accept.

In a religious sense, repentance consists of acknowledging sins, changing attitudes, and asking for God’s forgiveness. In the Catholic religion, repentance is associated with the sacrament of Confession or Penance, through which the faithful confess their sins to a priest, who imposes a penance as reparation for those sins and, finally, grants him absolution.

For religion, repentance is much more than simply turning away from sin and not committing it again, since it implies a true change in the mind of those who have done wrong. The Bible considers that repentance results in a change in behavior, a true conversion to God that is closely related to salvation.

The connection between salvation and repentance can be seen, for example, in the Book of Acts; in several passages of the Bible it is expressed that repentance consists of changing one’s own opinion regarding Jesus, to recognize him as the authentic son of God, the Lord and Christ. In fact, for the Christian religion this attitude and faith can be considered two sides of the same coin.

To obtain salvation it is necessary to believe in Jesus Christ as the Savior sent to Earth by God; Going through stages of doubt about his identity or his power, or lack of knowledge about his greatness forces him to go through a real repentance to change his mind and stop rejecting Christ. It is important to understand that it should not and cannot be an act motivated by the interest of gaining salvation, but must be granted by God.

Repentance can also be part of the law. In some legislations, when a person expresses her repentance for having participated in a criminal act before the judge or a court, she achieves a mitigating factor in her punishment. The repentant is considered to collaborate with the Justice and, therefore, is recognized with a reduction of the sentence.

In art, finally, repentance is a correction or an amendment that can be seen in the drawing or composition of a painting. The artist, instead of erasing and eliminating the error, leaves it so that the development process of the painting in question can be known.


Meaning of Prehistoric Art

Meaning of Prehistoric Art

Art, from the Latin ars, is the nation that allows us to refer to the creations of the human being that express a sensible vision of the imaginary or real world through the use of linguistic, plastic or sound resources.

Prehistoric is that belonging to or relating to the period that prehistory studies. This last term, for its part, is linked to human life existing before the development of writing (which emerged around 3,000 BC).

According to DigoPaul, the concept of prehistoric art, therefore, makes mention of the artistic manifestations of primitive peoples. The expression is often used to name very diverse historical periods and geographically distant creations, which makes prehistoric art contain very diverse works.

At a general level, it can be said that prehistoric art is characterized by schematism, symbolism and abstraction. They are expressions with ritual or mythical-religious purposes, unlike modern art, which aims at aesthetics.

The rock art is a manifestation of prehistoric art. These drawings were made on rocks or on cave walls. Some paintings are about 40,000 years old and are still preserved since, being inside caves, they managed to resist the passage of time.

Prehistoric art used to depict hunting scenes or figures associated with deities. In addition to paintings, prehistoric sculptures can be mentioned, which in Europe were developed during the Paleolithic period. Bones, ivory plates, rocks and metals made it possible to create these sculptures.

Among the most important prehistoric works of art is the Venus of Willendorf, a statuette of female forms that is associated with the group generally known as Paleolithic Venus. It is a series of sculptures that share characteristics such as its exaggerated feminine attributes and its size.

In the particular case of Willendorf, its height is approximately 11 centimeters, it has a covered face and it does not have a base that allows it to stand upright. Its discovery took place in 1908 in a paleolithic settlement on Austrian soil, during an excavation. It is estimated to have been created between the years 24,000 and 22,000 BC, and today it is possible to admire it at the Natural History Museum in Vienna.

On the other hand, representing the cave painting is the shrunken bison from the Altamira cave, in Cantabria, Spain. The importance of this work is multiple, since it is located on the site where the first paintings of this nature were discovered, all belonging to the Upper Paleolithic and very well preserved.

When in 1879 the human being found (for the second time) the Altamira cave, scientists doubted the authenticity of the paintings, since everything seemed to have been orchestrated. But once works with similar features were found in other caves, both within Spain and in France, the truth prevailed over disbelief, and justice could be done to this impressive legacy. It is worth mentioning that the artistic value of the shrunken bison is comparable to that of the Sistine Chapel and its age is close to 15 thousand years.

Finally, Stonehenge is a monument whose immense popularity exceeds the limits of knowledge and interest in prehistoric art. Its diameter is just over 100 meters and it is calculated that it was built between the years 3100 and 1600 BC, a term that links the end of the Neolithic period and the beginning of the Bronze Age. Its importance is due to the fact that it raises a large number of questions regarding its origin, especially due to the sophistication of its architecture, which does not seem to have competition in its historical context.

Prehistoric Art

Meaning of Popular Art

Meaning of Popular Art

Art is a concept that comes from the Latin word ars and that refers to man’s creations that express his sensitive vision of the world through the use of various sound, linguistic and plastic resources.

In the case of popular, we would have to say that it is also a word that comes, etymologically speaking, from Latin. Specifically, we could highlight that it emanates from the noun “popularis”, which is made up of two components: the word “populus”, which can be translated as “people”, and the suffix “-ar”, which is equivalent to “relative to”.

Popular, meanwhile, is an adjective that indicates what belongs to or is related to the people. Among its various meanings, the term refers to what comes from the population and what reaches most of the people.

According to DigoPaul, the notion of popular art, therefore, can have different meanings. There are those who consider that popular art is formed by the artistic manifestations that the people create and consume, as opposed to high culture or academic culture.

An earthenware pot created by a craftsman to collect water is an example of folk art, while a painting on a canvas displayed in a museum would belong to elite art. These limits, however, are fuzzy.

Folk art, on the other hand, may be given by artistic creations that are consumed on a massive scale and that are usually susceptible to reproduction on an industrial scale. In this sense, a Latin music singer who sells millions of records can be considered a popular artist.

In addition to all the above, it is necessary that we have very clear other main characteristics of this so-called popular art:
• It has its origin in the Renaissance. And it was then when the artist, who until now had made works for a very specific and minority audience such as the upper classes or the kings, decided to undertake works so that they can be enjoyed and acquired by all those who want it.
• However, experts agree in stressing that it would be in the 18th century, when the Industrial Revolution took place, when the existence of this popular art became more evident. At that moment there will be an art of generalized use and another more particular.
• Popular art, making use of a historical expression turned into a classic, is an art “of the people and for the people”.
• When talking about this type of art, it cannot be said that it corresponds to a specific historical period since it does not have periods.
• As a general rule, when talking about him, no reference is made to particular people.
• The appearance and development of new technologies have made popular art grow more and more.

The pop art or pop art, finally, is an artistic movement that emerged in the twentieth century from the use of images of popular culture present in the media. Pop artists like Andy Warhol used to take advertisements or comic books to create works of art.

Popular Art

Meaning of Plastic Arts

Meaning of Plastic Arts

From the Latin ars, art is linked to the creations of the human being that seek to express a sensible vision of the real or imaginary world. These expressions can be expressed in different supports.

The plastic, meanwhile, is to build things with different materiales.De she can say that emanates from the Latin word for “plasticus”, which in turn etymologically comes from the Greek “plastikos”.

According to DigoPaul, the plastic arts are those manifestations of the human being that reflect, with plastic resources, some product of his imagination or his vision of reality. This artistic branch includes works in the fields of painting, sculpture and architecture, among others.

However, we cannot overlook the fact that other disciplines such as photography, jewelry, haute couture, ceramics or engraving are also considered plastic arts.

The first step in the work of a plastic artist usually consists of making a sketch, which involves the development of a quick draft-like design, without instruments or geometric devices. Another task of the initial stages is the elaboration of a sketch or essay.

The plastic arts materialize a representation of reality or an imaginary vision. The creation process includes the search for materials and techniques that allow the artist to have his intention faithfully reflected in his work.

Among the different criteria that are met in the creation or contemplation of a plastic work, the link between figure and background, proportions, movement and planes appear.

Currently, there are many countries that, within their educational systems, are committed to offering the possibility of specializing and training in this area that concerns us. Thus, for example, in Madrid we find the fact that interested parties are given the possibility of carrying out Plastic Arts and Design Studies.

The title of Technician is the one that will be achieved by those completing this training cycle in which they will acquire the necessary knowledge and skills in areas such as artistic crafts, the conservation and restoration of what are cultural goods, applied arts or design in all its variants and facets.

So important is the area of ​​Plastic Arts today that there are various awards that recognize its professionals. Thus, among the most significant awards are the Velázquez Prize for Plastic Arts or the National Prize for Plastic Arts in Spain.

One of the most recognized plastic arts is painting. This art consists of the use of pigments and other substances to achieve a graphic representation on a canvas or similar material.

Within this field throughout history there have been great geniuses such as Picasso, Leonardo da Vinci, Velázquez, Goya, Rembrandt, Van Gogh, Monet, Alberto Dürer, Rafael or Caravaggio.

The sculpture is the art of modeling or carving various materials such as stone, wood or mud. Those works are three-dimensional pieces dedicated to all kinds of figures.

In the field of sculpture, great artists such as Michelangelo, Rodin, Bernini or Chillida have stood out.

Plastic Arts

Meaning of Modern Art

Meaning of Modern Art

Art, from the Latin ars, is a concept that makes mention of human creations that reflect the sensible vision of the real or imaginary world. The literature, the painting and theater are some of the disciplines of art, which in prehistory had a ritual function and that eventually morphed into aesthetics and recreation.

From the Latin modernus (“recent”), modern is that belonging to or relating to a recent period or the time of the speaker. Typically, the modern is seen as opposed to the classical.

According to abbreviationfinder, the notion of modern art, therefore, refers to artistic production created since the end of the 19th century. As with the idea of contemporary art, the expression can be linked to different historical times.

There are many figures that we could highlight as representatives of modern art. However, among the most significant are the following:
• Pablo Picasso, the Malaga painter stood out for being one of the fathers of Cubism and has bequeathed such important works as “The young ladies of Avignon”, “El Guernica” or “The dream ”
• Salvador Dali. This Catalan stood out both in the field of painting and sculpture and even in literature. Among his most famous works, the table entitled “The persistence of memory” should be highlighted.
• Claude Monet. As a creator of the movement called Impressionism, this French painter is known, who carried out works of great significance and recognition such as “Saint-Lazare station”, “The water lilies” or “The London Parliament at sunset”.
• Marcel Duchamp. This French artist, for his part, has gone down in history as the great inspiration of the pop movement. Without a doubt, his best-known work is the one entitled “The Source”.
• Paul Cezanne. Within post-impressionism, we can say that this French painter is framed, with outstanding paintings such as “The card players”, “The great bathers” or “Still life with apples and oranges”.

For some experts, modern art is the opposite of academic or traditional art. Modern art, in this sense, is related to the avant-garde and experimentation. Other specialists associate modern art with the Contemporary Age, so it would have started in the middle of the 18th century.

At a general level it can be said that modern art is a way of considering the aesthetics and function of art, where the main value is not the literal and exact representation of nature. After the development of photography, which accurately reflects reality, modern artists proposed new points of view on nature.

Given the value of modern art, there are many museums and exhibition centers around the world that specialize in it. Specifically, among the most significant spaces of this type are the following: the MOMA in New York, the Tate Modern in London or the Museum of Modern Art (MAM) in Madrid.

The historical stage that follows modern art is postmodern art, which emerged for many in the 1970s in rejection of the idea of ​​modernity.

Modern Art

Meaning of Lullaby

Meaning of Lullaby

The word that concerns us now, we must emphasize that it is a word that emanates from an onomatopoeia. Specifically, it comes from what is expressed as “rrru rrruuu” and is used to refer to the sounds made by pigeons.

According to DigoPaul, lullaby is a concept that can be used in different contexts and with different meanings. The term comes from the verb to coo, which refers to the emission of certain sounds.

A stream can be the monotonous sound that allows pigeons and turtledoves to manifest their heat. For example: “The lullaby of the pigeons did not let me sleep through the night”, “Yesterday, while I was walking down the street, I heard a noise that I could not identify, until I realized that it was the lullaby of the pigeons”, “Do you hear the cooing? It seems to me that that dove is looking for a partner. ”

In a similar sense, it is defined as lullaby to the seductive speech with which a person tries to make another fall in love: “The night was long and the gallant began with his lullaby from the first hour”, “The boy’s lullaby did not give effect, since she she left alone and happy from the party “, ” Finish with the lullaby: I have already told you that I have a boyfriend “.

The monotonous singing that is used to numb or reassure children is also known as lullaby: “My father started with the lullaby and the little boy fell asleep within a few seconds”, “I don’t know what happens to Kevin, but the lullaby doesn’t have effect ”, “ After hearing the lullaby so much, my husband ended up asleep on the couch ”.

In addition to all the above, we must emphasize that within the world of music there are several songs that use the term lullaby in their titles. A good example of this is the composition “Arrullo de estrellas” by the Mexican rock band Zoé. In her fifth album, “Prográmaton”, it was where she included a song that is a true song of love and all the feelings that are experienced when you are with the person you love.

A lullaby, finally, can be the garment with which babies are wrapped to hold them in their arms. It is a garment similar to the blanket: “Please, hand me the brown lullaby that I am going to take Leticia out of her crib”, “Nico’s lullaby was stained with milk”.

Of this garment designed for babies we would have to say that it has a series of characteristics that identify and differentiate it from other similar articles. Specifically, among its main signs are these:
• The lullaby is made with very soft and soft fabrics, so that the little one is comfortable and protected.
• This article gives you security and protection, since you come to feel inside it as when you were in the womb.
• It is usual to resort to wrapping the baby in the coo when it is crying. And it is where you will find the tranquility and relaxation you need.
• Two of the main differences that the lullaby has with respect to the toquilla is that it has a smaller size and is used for the interior of the house.


Meaning of Lessee

Meaning of Lessee

It is classified as a tenant to an individual who takes a certain thing or service lease. According to DigoPaul, leasing, on the other hand, means giving up, making a transfer or assuming the temporary use of something in exchange for the payment of a certain rate. This means, therefore, that leasing works as a synonym for renting, so the tenant is the subject who takes something in lease.

To give examples of use: “If the lessee does not fulfill his obligations, I am going to evict him”, “The lessee called to advise that tomorrow he will come to pay the rent”, “The lessee company has promised to invest 10% of the income from infrastructure works ”.

In the contracts of leases, the party assumes the role of lessor agrees to transfer the utilization and development of an element (which may be, according to each circumstance, building or furniture) temporarily, to the tenant. The latter, for his part, assumes the commitment to pay a certain price for inhabiting or making use of the furniture, room or house. The payment of this fee can be agreed in different ways among those involved: it can consist of a periodic obligation (called rent or rent) or in a single transaction. Payment can also be made with things equivalent to the price of the product, without money involved.

Let’s look at the case of leasing a home. The landlord gives the keys to the tenant so that he can live in the construction and make use of the facilities in exchange for a monthly payment. The contract will establish many other conditions and will set the duration of this agreement. Typically, the lessee deliver every month a sum of money in cash to the lessor in respect of the lease of the apartment.

Some of the most common conditions when renting a home for personal use is the absolute prohibition to turn it into a commercial store or to carry out illegal activities, such as prostitution. Another important point is that the property or part of it is not sublet, that is, it is not transferred to third parties demanding payment, since it will necessarily be an illegal transaction. While in many cases one or more guarantors are required to certify that tenants are trustworthy, no statement is sufficient, and leasing inevitably results in blind trust in the other.

Another example is when the landlord grants the use and exploitation of a field to the tenant in exchange for a percentage of the crops. One possible arrangement is that if tomatoes were planted in the field, the landlord could demand 30% of the harvest from the tenant.

Solidarity landlords in times of crisis

In an era in which evictions are commonplace, there are people who try to give a helping hand to those who need it most to avoid being forced to live on the street. An example is the campaign that the Bilbao government carried out in September 2012, which consisted of offering shared housing at a symbolic price of 50 euros per tenant, demanding in return that they commit to collaborate in certain social activities.

On the other hand, maintaining the sum of 50 euros, the Valencian municipality of La Alcudia offers through the Toda Ayuda foundation a total of 25 brand-new apartments consisting of two or three rooms to families who have been victims of eviction. These are apartments that have been for sale for more than a year and that have been granted by their owners for use in this proposal.


Meaning of Lash Out

Meaning of Lash Out

The verb onslaught makes reference to the act of attacking or ramming with force. It can be a concrete (physical) or symbolic action. For example: “The government should not lash out at the working class, but must help it”, “In lashing out at a rival player, I have dislocated my shoulder”, “The governor will receive the opposition mayor after lashing out at his tax policy”.

According to DigoPaul, the concept is often used as a synonym for attacking: whoever attacks, initiates an offensive against something or someone. Take the case of the president of a country that faces the media. The president is convinced that journalism distorts reality to harm its management. In this framework, he decides to lash out at the press in all his public appearances, stating that “journalists lie to the population” and that the owners of the media “publish false information to harm the government. ”

It is not to underestimate the power that public opinion has today, and that is why there are very few who can succeed after attacking a body as numerous and as massive in scope as the press. Thanks to the speed at which information spreads on the Internet, something that takes place almost instantaneously, getting followers to fight for any cause no longer takes entire afternoons walking the streets while we explain our objectives infinitely, but we publish them one time and our contacts do the rest.

Although the process is not instantaneous or infallible, since chance is an important part of the success that our words have on social networks, the way that those who seek support from the community usually use is to appeal to the need to be united to prevent to be crushed by the most powerful, to avoid plunging into imperialism or any form of manipulation that awakens the sensitivity of others and reminds them that next time it could be their turn. Therefore, a derogatory comment against a person can return in the form of an angry mob in just a few hours.

Lunge may also consist of pushing or pouncing. A rugby player may lash out at an opponent who is carrying the ball with the intention of knocking it down. This attack must be carried out in accordance with the provisions of the regulation: otherwise, the referee will sanction an infraction. So players must be cautious before lashing out at their opponents. The action, on the other hand, can put at risk the physical integrity of the other athlete, for which care is essential.

Although the action of attacking in the sports field can be described with a certain simplicity, in the middle of a confrontation and conjugated with a series of factors such as the dimensions of the playing field and fatigue is not easy at all. The power necessary to accelerate at the right time, or maintain speed to ram another athlete and take the ball from him, for example, or knock him down, whenever allowed, is not something that anyone can do in their day to day.

The idea of lashing out, finally, may refer to doing something with momentum and unexpectedly: “The old man surprised by lashing out against the teenager who had rebuked him. ” This example shows a use of the verb that can describe a physical confrontation, through blows, or symbolic, through the word. For this reason, it is also common to find him in sentences such as the following: “Faced with strong accusations from the public, the singer attacked them with harsh insults, something of which he deeply regrets. ”

Lash Out

Meaning of Digital Art

Meaning of Digital Art

Art is called the human expression that allows us to reflect a representation of reality or something imaginary. Digital, meanwhile, is an adjective that can be applied to the system that works with information encoded in discrete and binary signals (which can adopt two values, generally represented by the numbers 0 and 1).

According to DigoPaul, the concept of digital art, in this framework, is usually a matter of debate. Digital art is generally considered to be art created through the use of computer tools. A work developed with a computer (a computer), therefore, is a manifestation of digital art.

There are those who associate digital art with the dematerialization of works, in the sense that they are not tied to a material support and that they can even be accessed virtually. The works, on the other hand, would not require the direct use of physical instruments. Following this reasoning, digital art develops on the Internet.

Another position links digital art to interactivity options. Unlike most conventional works, this artistic branch encourages the recipient to get involved, participate and even get some kind of response or reaction from the work in question.

Taking all these ideas into account, we can affirm that a painting created with software, a story based on the use of hyperlinks and a sculpture in three dimensions that is projected by a computer are some examples of expressions of digital art.

In addition to all the aforementioned, it is worth knowing another series of relevant data about digital art, such as the following:
-One of the main aspects to highlight about it is that it allows you to create alternative worlds and that it comes to forcefully break with what is the classic representation of everything around us.
-It is considered that the first exhibition of this type of art took place in the 1950s. Specifically, it was a 1953 exhibition at the Sanford Museum.
– Within digital art there are many types and modalities. Among the most significant are 3D or 3D art, Pixel Art (where editing software is used), airbrushing (digital airbrush), digital photography, and digital sculpture.
-German George Nees is one of the first digital art scholars, theorists and artists. It is considered that he made his first exhibition in 1965, on graphics made with a computer.
-The North American Laurence Gartel is another figure that is considered important in the art that we are dealing with. She used her computer to shape new artwork and even to retouch her own photographs.
-The Swiss Yves Netzhammer is illustrious in the field of digital art because he has played an essential role when it comes to creating three-dimensional animations.
-Margaret Eicher, Myron Krueger or Vera Molnar are other personalities who have left their mark on the aforementioned digital art.

Digital Art

Meaning of Bold

Meaning of Bold

According to DigoPaul, the term bold is used with reference to bravery, audacity or courage. Acting boldly, therefore, implies doing it with courage or bravery. For example: “The woman threw herself into the water with courage to rescue the baby”, “If you want to succeed in life, you must act boldly, but measuring the consequences of your actions”, “We need a manager who makes decisions with courage”.

Among the many synonyms that we can find of the term I throw, in addition to those exposed in the previous paragraph, the most common are the following: «daring, courage, fearlessness, ardor, bravery, verve, resolution, vivacity, decision, arrests, enthusiasm, zeal, temper »and« guts ». As can be seen, it is an authentic list of qualities that human beings usually appreciate and take as goals so that they become part of their personality.

When someone acts boldly, they do not focus on the fear that the situation they are facing may cause them, but on the objectives that they will achieve if they successfully overcome the obstacles. It is an expression of courage to which we should all aspire in the most difficult moments of life, either to get through a difficult time or to help others to achieve it.

In this sense, the courage is characteristic of heroes, but not only of those who belong to fiction, nor of sturdy beings capable of physically confronting great beasts, but of apparently ordinary people who make the decision not to be overwhelmed by the misfortunes, of mothers, fathers, daughters and sons who in the midst of adversity act with more than extraordinary courage and thus manage to get ahead.

I throw, on the other hand, can be a conjugation of the verb to throw (to throw violently, to throw): “If I throw the keys from here, do you think you can catch them?” , “Now that I live alone, I have to learn that when I throw a piece of paper on the floor, there will be no one to pick it up”, “We are going to do the following: you run to the left to mislead them, and I throw the ball to the right, where is Luis ”.

If the word is stressed in the second letter O (“threw”), it is also a conjugation of throwing: “Official! Stop that boy: he just threw a stone at my car, “” In a fit of rage, the man threw the phone out the window, “” The Ukrainian athlete threw the javelin with all his might and set a new record. ”

The verb throw is found halfway between everyday speech and cultured language, since it can be part of both, depending on the context. In informal conversations, it is more common to resort to words like “throw” or “throw”, among many others, depending on the Spanish-speaking region.

In the world of sports, on the other hand, it is normal to use throwing to refer to the action of propelling a ball through the air with force, or launching yourself against a target. Given that to overcome a sporting match it is also necessary to have a series of qualities, such as dedication, discipline and, often, bravery, it is not uncommon to come across the term fearless to describe an admirable and very risky move in between of a key moment.

In Spain, more precisely in the Quirós council of the Oviedo region (Principality of Asturias), Arrojo is the name of a parish (an administrative entity). It has an area of 3.42 square kilometers and a population of less than one hundred inhabitants.

San Martín de Arrojo, also known as Arrojo, is also a parish in the municipality of Fonsagrada, which belongs to the Spanish province of Lugo (Autonomous Community of Galicia).


Meaning of At

Meaning of At

The etymology of arroba refers us to the Arabic language, more precisely to a term that can be translated as “fourth part”. According to the first meaning mentioned in the dictionary prepared by the DigoPaul, an arroba is a unit of mass whose weight is equivalent to 11,502 kilograms (a quarter of a quintal).

The arroba, as a unit of measurement, ceased to be used in the mid- 19th century. In any case, it is still used in rural sectors and even as a measure of a fluid whose weight depends on the region.

Today, the notion of at sign is very popular in computing. Arroba is the symbol used in an email address (email) to distinguish between the user name and the domain to which the service belongs.

The arroba (which is often expressed in masculine: the arroba) is a symbol formed by a letter a with a circle around it. In the English language, it is pronounced as at, which can be translated as “en”. Thus, the email address indicates that the account of a user X is hosted “on” a certain server.

Social networks such as Twitter and Instagram, meanwhile, use the at sign to name their users. For example: @digopaul_com is the Twitter user of If a person begins to follow @Digopaul_com, therefore, they will be able to read in their timeline the tweets published by this user.

The popularity of the arroba has grown in recent years, precisely thanks to the importance of its use in these social networks, and little by little it has become detached from its exclusive relationship with email, an area in which most Users met it in the early 90s. In Spanish-speaking countries, unlike what happens in English-speaking countries, it is read by name and does not have a connotation that helps us understand why we use it, with which people outside the computer have had to try harder to get used to it.

Another sign that has become very common thanks to the massification of social networks is the numeral (#), which in English is called a hashtag. In this case, Anglo-Saxon pronunciation has become generalized in almost all the world, although with certain concessions to adjust to the phonetic characteristics of each language. In any case, both the at sign and the numeral are synonyms of communication, of tendencies, of «keeping up to date».

Typing the at sign is an action that can present certain difficulties, even minor ones, especially on the computer and by hand. Although telephones always present us with the symbol when it may be necessary, such as when entering our email address or searching for a user in a social network, computer keyboards present an extra challenge: they require combination of two keys to generate it.

This can lead to confusion for less expert users, especially those who have approached computing through mobile phones. But the complication increases when the keyboard is configured in a different language from that used by the operating system, since then it is very likely that it is useless to observe the signs and symbols printed on its buttons, rather that we must memorize the appropriate combination. Draw it is also difficult for some people, as well as the sign &, referred to as et or, as its English name, ampersand.


Meaning of Artifact

Meaning of Artifact

Artefacto has its origin in the Latin expression arte factus, which means “made with art”. That is why the first meaning that the DigoPaul recognizes of the term refers to the mechanical work made according to art.

In everyday language, an artifact is a machine or apparatus created for a specific technical purpose. Artifacts have various complexities, since a vessel can be considered an artifact just like an electronic machine.

For example: “My uncle invented an appliance that alerts when the door is closed without a key”, “In Grandpa Luis’ workshop there are all kinds of appliances”, “This appliance allows the water temperature to be maintained at a constant level throughout the day ”.

It is important to emphasize that on many occasions inventors, who are continually investigating the development of new devices and machinery for the best quality of life for all, come across the fact that their projects are pejoratively described as artifacts.

The term can be used in a pejorative or derogatory way, to name the impractical or difficult to manipulate object: “I don’t like to go for a walk with such a heavy artifact”, “I have to thank my mother-in-law for giving me such an artifact”.

An artifact can also be an explosive charge, be it a grenade, a mine, or the like: “The artifact exploded in front of the police station and killed two people, ” “The security forces managed to deactivate the artifact before explode and cause damage. ”

Among the latest explosive-type devices that were released through the media, the one that in recent months the National Police deactivated in the Almudena Cathedral in Madrid stands out. It was a low-intensity, homemade device that had been placed by an anti-system group.

In addition to all the above, we cannot forget either that there is a publication that receives the name of “Artifact”. On paper is available that one, which also has its own website, thanks to which fans of philosophy and thought can find interesting reports, interviews and articles.

Argentina is where the origin of this means of communication is found, where other issues such as politics, economics, art and ethics are also addressed.

But Artefacto is also the name of an audiovisual company that has the clear objective of offering services to all types of television, production companies or entities in the film or theater sector. Specifically, this entity makes available to all of them qualified professionals in areas such as the creation of stages, makeup, special effects or the recreation of all kinds of sculptures or fictional spaces.

The science in general and medicine in particular the notion of artifact used to refer to the distortion in data processing because of a measuring instrument, which can lead to misinterpretation or an incorrect result.


Meaning of Artery

Meaning of Artery

From the Latin artery, an artery is a vessel or conduit that is responsible for carrying blood from the heart to other parts of the body. In this sense, it fulfills the reverse task of the veins, which carry blood from the capillaries to the heart.

According to DigoPaul, the arteries are elastic and membranous ducts that have divergent ramifications. These blood vessels are made up of three layers: an external or adventitial layer (of connective tissue), a middle layer (with muscle fibers) and an internal or intimate layer (made up of the endothelium and a subendothelial connective layer).

There are two major arteries systems: the system of the aorta and the system of the artery lung.

From the arch of the aorta, various branches arise, such as the carotid artery, the bronchial arteries, the lumbar arteries, the renal arteries, the coronary arteries, and the genital arteries.

The pulmonary artery, on the other hand, is the only artery that transports blood with carbon dioxide (just as veins do). It originates from the right ventricle of the heart and is divided into two terminal branches, the right pulmonary artery and the left pulmonary artery. Of course, these branches target the lungs.

In another sense, the street of a town or city is known as an artery, to which many other streets flow. For example: “9 de Julio Avenue, one of the main arteries of the city of Buenos Aires, is blocked by a protest by state workers”, “The city needs new arteries to avoid traffic congestions”.

Coronary artery disease

One of the main causes of death in many countries of the world is coronary heart disease, also known as coronary heart disease, in both the male and female populations. It is caused by obstruction of a coronary artery which results in a heart attack or myocardial infarction due to the inefficient supply of blood to the heart.

The cause that causes the occlusion of an artery is the accumulation of fatty or waxy deposits (cholesterol, calcium and other elements present in the blood) inside it; This accumulation is known as atherosclerotic plaque and cause the arteries to become stiff and blood fluid cannot flow through it.

This obstruction occurs gradually, slowly reducing the flow of blood and oxygen to the heart. The way it can be detected is by the presence of chest pain, shortness of breath, and the like. At an advanced level it causes heart attacks.

When a patient comes to the doctor’s office with these symptoms, they refer him to the cardiologist who has a specific preparation for all diseases related to the functioning of the heart, arteries and veins.

Tests to detect this disease include: electrocardiogram (ECG), stress test, electron beam computed tomography, and blood tests, among others.

In many people the disease takes many years to manifest itself clearly and the symptoms do not become fully visible until the blockages are very severe and threaten the life of the patient. In these cases, the symptoms are present not only when the patient is making effort or physical exercise, but also when he is at rest.

It is worth mentioning that, although it is a more present disease among men, many women can suffer from this ailment and, in some of them, the symptoms are, in addition to the aforementioned, nausea and pain in the back and jaw.

Finally, it is worth mentioning that not all heart attacks are clearly noted, so if you suffer any of these symptoms, it is recommended to see a doctor to rule out possible conditions of this type.


Meaning of Art

Meaning of Art

According to DigoPaul, the art (from the Latin ars) is the concept that encompasses all creations made by humans to express a sensitive vision about the world, whether real or imaginary. Through plastic, linguistic or sound resources, art allows to express ideas, emotions, perceptions and sensations.

The story indicates that, with the emergence of the Homo Sapiens, art had a role ritual and magical-religious, which was changing with the passing of time. In any case, the definition of art varies according to the time and culture.

With the Italian Renaissance, at the end of the 15th century, a distinction began to be made between crafts and fine arts. The artisan is one who is dedicated to producing multiple works, while the artist is the creator of unique works.

It is precisely in the Italian Renaissance where we find one of the most important stages in the History of Art, both for the magnificent artists who worked on it and for the surprising works that they undertook and which are now praised throughout the world.

Thus, for example, we would have to highlight figures of the stature of Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Donatello, Titian or Rafael. And as for works we would highlight, for example, “La Gioconda”, “The Sistine Chapel”, “Gattamelata”, “Venus de Urbino” and “The Marriage of the Virgin” respectively.

The classification used in ancient Greece included six disciplines within art: architecture, dance, sculpture, music, painting, and poetry (literature). Later, it began to be included in the cinema as the seventh art. There are also those who name photography as the eighth art (although it is often alleged that it is an extension of painting) and comic books as the ninth (its detractors indicate that it is, in fact, a bridge between painting and cinema). The television, the fashion, advertising and video games are other disciplines that are sometimes considered artistic.

In this sense, it should be noted that UNESCO is dedicated to cataloging those works and artistic monuments that have incalculable value and unmatched beauty. In this case we could speak, for example, of the Mosque of Córdoba, the Alhambra in Granada, the Cathedral of Seville or the Archaeological Site of Atapuerca.

However, throughout the world there are monuments that receive this same classification. Among them are the Tiwanaku Temple in Bolivia, the Churches of Chiloé in Chile, the historic center of Lima or the Castle of San Pedro de la Roca in Santiago de Cuba.

And all this without forgetting either the Royal Palaces of Abomey in Benin, the Chichen Itza in Mexico, the Statue of Liberty in the United States, the necropolis in Egypt, the Church of the Nativity in Palestine or Durham Castle in the United Kingdom.

Over time, artistic creations often suffer significant deterioration. For this reason, the set of processes dedicated to the preservation of these cultural assets for the future is known as the conservation and restoration of works of art.

In addition to all the above, we must emphasize that the term art is also used to refer to the skill or cunning that a person has to carry out a specific task.


Meaning of Arsenal

Meaning of Arsenal

The first thing to do before proceeding to know the meaning of the term arsenal is to discover its etymological origin. In this case, we can emphasize that it is a word that derives from the Arabic “give as-sina´ah”. This is the result of the sum of three different components:
-The noun “give”, which can be translated as “house”.
-The element “as”, which is equivalent to “del”.
-The name “sina´ah”, which means “factory”.

It is called arsenal to the place where manufactured, repaired and stored ammunition and weapons. These enclosures are located in strategic places for security reasons.

According to DigoPaul, arsenal is also called the establishment for the construction and restoration of boats. Stockpiles usually include a shipyard and an armament sector, as well as levees, docks and other structures.

In colloquial language, any set of resources or information is known as an arsenal. For example: “This young footballer has an arsenal of tools to succeed in any team in the world”, “This is my arsenal: a library full of classics that inspires me to write my articles”, “The police were surprised to find an arsenal of drugs inside the building. ”

In the same way, we cannot overlook the existence of a movie entitled “Arsenal”. It is an American feature film released in 2017 and is part of the thriller and suspense genre.

Steven C. Miller is the director of this film, starring actors such as Nicolas Cage, Adrian Greenir or John Cusack. It tells the story of the alleged kidnapping of the brother of a major gangster. Kidnapping that, little by little, will be revealed that perhaps it is not such but that it has been the alleged “victim” who has decided to organize it with the clear objective of being able to get money and put in check the aforementioned gangster. Hence, he decides to take action on the matter in order to clarify what happened.

Also, it must be taken into account that there is a writer who responds to the name of León Arsenal. He is a Spanish author, actually called José Antonio Álvaro Garrido, who has cultivated numerous genres and who has achieved important awards such as the Algaba Prize (2013) or the Minotaur (2004).

Arsenal Football Club, on the other hand, is one of the most popular soccer clubs in the world. It was founded in 1886 in London and is one of the great entertainers of the Premier League, the most important football tournament in England.

The Arsenal won dozens of titles nationally and internationally. Tony Adams, David Seaman, Thierry Henry, Ian Wright and Robin van Persie are some of the main historical figures of the team, which has had Arsène Wenger as coach since 1996.

There are, throughout the world, several clubs called Arsenal. In Argentina, Arsenal Fútbol Club is a team that was created in 1957 and is based in Sarandí (Province of Buenos Aires). In 2012, Arsenal became champion of the Argentine championship. He previously won the Copa Sudamericana and the Copa Suruga Bank.


Meaning of Arrogance

Meaning of Arrogance

From the Latin arrogance, arrogance is the quality of arrogant. This (arrogant) adjective, on the other hand, refers to someone arrogant or arrogant. For example: “The actor walked the streets of the city with his usual arrogance, without responding to the greetings of his admirers”, “You must put aside arrogance and admit that you were wrong”, “Arrogance will not take you Nowhere: I recommend you study to keep improving ”.

According to DigoPaul, arrogance can be considered as a personality defect. The arrogant individual feels excessive pride in his person and demands excessive recognition, believing himself entitled to have privileges that, in reality, he does not have or correspond to him.

It is important to differentiate between arrogance and self esteem or self confidence. Having high self-esteem or trusting in one’s personal abilities does not imply a defect or have a negative connotation; on the contrary, it is healthy and beneficial for the person. Arrogance is an excess of such feeling.

The arrogant claims excessive importance based on his self-image. Therefore, he acts in accordance with that distorted image of himself and wants to exercise rights that he attributes to himself based on said supposed importance.

Imagine an interview with a writer who has just published a book. The author could mention that he is very happy with the final result of the work, which reflects his good self-esteem. On the other hand, if he adds that he has just presented “the best book in the history of national literature” or if he comments that “there is no other writer with my talent”, he will demonstrate his arrogance.

Arrogance can be detrimental to both the practitioner and the recipient: unless there are interests involved, no person wants to be around an arrogant; on the other hand, the hurtful words that usually come out of this way of being can mark certain individuals with low self-esteem and pronounce their lack of confidence in themselves.

Arrogance is likely to stem from one or more affective deficiencies resulting in an excessively low level of self-esteem; In the absence of protection and support from parents, for example, a deep fear of failure and disappointment can be generated, which is often disguised through a personality of apparent self-love, even if there is no background more than self-loathing and disgust, guilt for believing that one has not been enough to receive love and to make one’s elders proud.

What hides a person who declares with total arrogance that he is the most intelligent of his group, or that his work is insurmountable? Throughout history, most of the great geniuses have been noted for not being aware of their immeasurable talents and therefore for not mentioning their capabilities. It is often said that when someone is satisfied with his own life, he does not need to flaunt his achievements or his virtues.

In short, it does not seem incorrect to point out that arrogance is a superiority complex that arises from the need to disguise an inferiority complex. This leads us to think that a self-insecure person and an arrogant person may have very similar past experiences, although they have finally chosen apparently opposite paths: one refuses to face the pain of having been despised, of not having received the affection and the Enough support from her elders, while the other condemns herself to repeat those humiliations whenever she relates to others.


Meaning of Arrhythmia

Meaning of Arrhythmia

The concept that we are going to approach is made up of two parts that have their etymological origin in the Greek. Those two parts are as follows: the prefix “a” which means “without” and the term ρυθμός which can be translated as “rhythm”. Therefore, based on this qualification, we could say that arrhythmia is synonymous with “without rhythm”.

According to DigoPaul, the arrhythmia refers to the lack of a pace that is stable or regular. In the medical field, arrhythmia involves a disorder in the systole of the heart.

This means that, when contracting to pump blood, the heart performs movements that are irregular and arrhythmic. The structure that is responsible for controlling the heart rate is known as the sinoatrial node. From this structure arises the electrical impulse that orders the contraction movement developed by the atria.

Upon reaching the atrioventricular node, the electrical impulse reaches the His bundle and generates ventricular contraction.

Why is the rhythm and the proper circulation of the impulse important? If the contraction of the heart does not take place when this organ is loaded with blood, its distribution to the body will be inadequate. Arrhythmia, in short, is the name given to abnormalities of the heart rhythm.

In this sense, we can emphasize that when a cardiac arrhythmia occurs in a person, it basically occurs for three reasons. One of them may be because the paths for electrical conduction to take place are altered; another because the necessary electrical impulse has not been produced in the appropriate area; and finally the third reason may be because a failure occurs in the mechanism as a consequence of not enough momentum.

In addition to all this, it must be added that arrhythmias can be classified according to four clearly differentiated criteria such as their origin (ventricular or supraventicular), their repetition (chronic or paroxysmal), their heart rate (slow or fast) and their cause (pathological or physiological).

In any of these cases cited, the person suffering from them will have a series of symptoms that clearly determine that they are suffering from an arrhythmia. Among them would be from dizziness to palpitations, passing through unconsciousness and even chest pain. However, it must be emphasized that, on certain occasions, these symptoms may go completely unnoticed and will only be discovered when the individual in question is subjected to diagnostic tests.

The tachycardia is an arrhythmia involving excessively rapid pulse, in which are recorded over one hundred beats per minute. If, on the other hand, the pulse is slow (with less than sixty beats every sixty seconds), the arrhythmia is known as bradycardia.

In any case of arrhythmia, it is recommended that the affected person consult a cardiologist. Some disorders require the supply of drugs, others require an artificial device that helps control rhythm (a pacemaker), and more severe cases may require cardiac surgery to reverse the arrhythmia and avoid its consequences on the body.


Meaning of Arrest

Meaning of Arrest

Arrest is called the act of arresting: preventing a person from moving freely. This verb can also refer to taking a risk or deciding to take a certain action.

According to DigoPaul, the most common use of the concept of arrest, however, is associated with the arrest and deprivation of liberty of an individual. Arrest is a measure that can be decided by a judicial authority or a police force. In the first case, it is a decision linked to a criminal process to carry out an act or as a punishment. The police, for their part, can decide an arrest when they find an individual committing a crime.

Arrest can be said to be a legal way of depriving a human being of his liberty. The arrested person remains at the disposal of the State according to the conditions established by law.

Many times an arrest requires the person to be immobilized to prevent them from escaping. In this case, handcuffs are often used so that the arrested person cannot use their hands and thus make their movements more difficult. Once arrested, the subject is usually taken to a police station, although there is also a form of house arrest (the arrested person is deprived of his liberty inside his own home).

Arrest, on the other hand, may be the determination or the courage to do something. For example: “Even I have to keep fighting arrest”, “If Margaret had arrests, the situation would be different and would not let these things happen”.

Citizen arrest

In North America, anyone can arrest or detain a criminal if they believe that in this way they can protect a third party and collaborate with the resolution of the case once the police force arrives. Similarly, it is permissible to use force to prevent the suspect from escaping, although always within reason.

Although the concept of citizen arrest exists legally in the United States, there are more and more cases internationally that are published through the social networks of people who join in the streets to detain criminals in the absence of the authorities..

Before carrying out a citizen arrest, it is important to analyze the situation to know if we have the necessary resources to carry it out successfully and avoid getting hurt or committing a crime due to excessive force. In the first place, it is recommended to act only if we have witnessed the attack, since otherwise we will not be able to justify our actions to the police.

In some states, citizen arrest is only valid if the crime observed is serious; For this reason, before proceeding with the arrest, it is necessary to carefully study the scene applying the appropriate legal knowledge. It should be noted that even the very definition of a serious crime varies from state to state, although normally the list includes murder, theft of property exceeding a certain economic value, flight after causing a car accident and rape.

Within the minor crimes there is a special category that brings together all those actions that may break the peace, and in these cases it is possible to carry out a citizen arrest. Among the most common examples are street poisoning and street fighting. As always, before arresting someone it is important to make sure they have seen him commit the crime.

Before approaching a criminal, we must assess his physical strength and check if he is carrying weapons, since it is not a good idea to intervene if that can endanger us and those around us.


Meaning of Arrangement

Meaning of Arrangement

Arrangement is the action and effect of arranging (adjusting, ordering, composing, arranging or subjecting to rule). According to DigoPaul, the concept of arrangement is often used to name the scope of an agreement or conformity between two or more parties. For example: “Do you want to go out with María? Don’t worry, I will make the arrangement and I will notify you ”, “ The two companies reached an out-of-court settlement and will not have to face the courts ”, “ We are about to close a settlement with another company to jointly export to the Asian market ”.

Another use of the term is linked to solving a problem or failure: “The computer fix came out two hundred pesos”, “I tried to start the clock, but the fix is ​​more complicated than I expected, ” “The technician told me that the washing machine has no fix. ”

Thus, within the field of sewing and aesthetics, it is common to use the term arrangement. Specifically, it is used to say that a woman or a man who sews is going to be in charge of performing a series of actions so that one garment is perfect for another. In this way arrangements can be considered from taking the bass to putting the false one in.

No less frequent is the use of a series of expressions that also revolve around the word that we are now analyzing. This would be the case, for example, of “settlement of accounts”, which is used to show that a person is taking revenge on another who has done something wrong or against her.

A clear example of this meaning would be the case: “The death of the drug trafficker is considered, by the police, to have been the result of a settling of accounts between leaders of the drug sales market.”

Nor can we forget a prepositional phrase that is also part of our more colloquial vocabulary: “according to…”. It can be translated as “according to …” or “according to”.

A floral arrangement is an ornament that is armed with flowers and is usually given as a gift for parties or as a congratulation: “José’s family sent us a beautiful arrangement to mark our marriage”, “The television host received an arrangement with more forty roses ”.

In the field of music, an arrangement is the interpretation of an existing piece with some modification. It differs, therefore, from the song known as cover, which is the interpretation that tries to accurately reproduce the original work.

The person who carries out this work within the music sector is the one who is called arranger. Sometimes it is confused with the figure of the composer, but they have nothing to do with it. And the arranger is not dedicated to creating works, what he does is endow them with elements that give them greater weight, beauty and value.

For computing, an array (also called a vector or matrix) is a storage area that contains variables of the same type and whose access is done through indexes.