Republic of the Congo Phone

The Republic of the Congo, often referred to as Congo-Brazzaville to distinguish it from its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, is located in Central Africa. It is bordered by Gabon to the west, Cameroon and the Central African Republic to the north, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the east and south, and the Atlantic Ocean to the southwest.



The Republic of the Congo has a tropical climate, characterized by high temperatures and humidity throughout the year. The country experiences two main seasons: a wet season from October to May and a dry season from June to September. Average temperatures range from 24°C to 29°C (75°F to 84°F), with the coastal areas experiencing more rainfall than the inland regions.


The Congo Basin, which covers a significant portion of the Republic of the Congo, is one of the most biodiverse regions in the world. It is home to a vast array of flora and fauna, including elephants, gorillas, chimpanzees, leopards, and various species of birds and reptiles. The country’s forests are also rich in plant life, including hardwood trees such as mahogany and ebony.

Longest Rivers

The Republic of the Congo is crossed by several major rivers, with the Congo River being the longest and most significant. The Congo River, also known as the Zaire River, flows for approximately 4,700 kilometers (2,920 miles) through the country, serving as a vital transportation route and source of freshwater. Other important rivers include the Sangha, Likouala-aux-Herbes, and Ubangi rivers.

Highest Mountains

The Republic of the Congo is primarily composed of low-lying plains and plateaus, with no significant mountain ranges. The highest point in the country is Mount Berongou, located in the Mayombe Mountains near the border with Gabon, with an elevation of approximately 903 meters (2,963 feet) above sea level.



The region that is now the Republic of the Congo has been inhabited by various ethnic groups for thousands of years. Archaeological evidence suggests that hunter-gatherer societies lived in the area as far back as the Paleolithic era. Over time, these societies developed into complex chiefdoms and kingdoms, including the Kongo Kingdom and the Teke Kingdom.

Kingdoms and Colonization

In the 15th century, European explorers began arriving in the region, establishing trade relations with local kingdoms and eventually colonizing the area. The Kingdom of Kongo, one of the most powerful states in Central Africa, had significant contact with Portuguese traders and missionaries. In the late 19th century, the territory of present-day Congo-Brazzaville became part of French Equatorial Africa, under French colonial rule.

Independence and Modern Era

The Republic of the Congo gained independence from France on August 15, 1960, with Fulbert Youlou becoming the country’s first president. However, political instability and internal conflicts characterized much of the country’s early years as an independent nation. In 1968, President Marien Ngouabi took power in a coup d’état, establishing a Marxist-Leninist regime and aligning the country with the Eastern Bloc.

Civil Wars and Transition to Democracy

In 1977, President Ngouabi was assassinated, leading to a period of political instability and repression. The country experienced several coups and civil wars throughout the 1970s and 1980s, including conflicts between rival factions and ethnic groups. In 1991, under pressure from domestic and international forces, the Republic of the Congo began a transition to multiparty democracy.

Recent Developments

Since the early 1990s, the Republic of the Congo has made significant strides in stabilizing its political situation and promoting economic development. Denis Sassou Nguesso, who had previously served as president from 1979 to 1992, was re-elected in 1997 and has remained in power since then. The country has benefited from its natural resources, particularly oil, which has fueled economic growth and infrastructure development.



As of the latest available data, the Republic of the Congo has a population of approximately 5.4 million people. The population is relatively young, with a median age of around 20 years. The majority of the population resides in urban areas, particularly the capital city of Brazzaville and the economic hub of Pointe-Noire.

Ethnicity and Language

The Republic of the Congo is home to over 60 ethnic groups, the largest of which are the Kongo, Teke, and Sangha. French is the official language and is widely spoken, particularly in urban areas and among the educated population. However, there are also numerous indigenous languages spoken throughout the country, including Lingala, Kituba, and Kikongo.


Christianity is the predominant religion in the Republic of the Congo, with the majority of the population adhering to Roman Catholicism or various Protestant denominations. Traditional African religions also hold significant influence, particularly in rural areas, where ancestral worship and indigenous spiritual beliefs are practiced.

Administrative Divisions and Population

The Republic of the Congo is divided into 12 departments, which are further subdivided into districts, communes, and villages. The following is a list of the country’s administrative divisions along with their populations:

  1. Brazzaville Department – Population: 1.8 million
  2. Pointe-Noire Department – Population: 1.2 million
  3. Bouenza Department – Population: 360,000
  4. Cuvette Department – Population: 230,000
  5. Cuvette-Ouest Department – Population: 140,000
  6. Kouilou Department – Population: 200,000
  7. Lékoumou Department – Population: 140,000
  8. Likouala Department – Population: 300,000
  9. Niari Department – Population: 350,000
  10. Plateaux Department – Population: 200,000
  11. Pool Department – Population: 260,000
  12. Sangha Department – Population: 250,000

10 Largest Cities by Population

  1. Brazzaville
  2. Pointe-Noire
  3. Dolisie
  4. Nkayi
  5. Ouesso
  6. Owando
  7. Impfondo
  8. Mossendjo
  9. Madingou
  10. Gamboma

Education Systems

Education in the Republic of the Congo is overseen by the Ministry of Primary, Secondary Education, and Literacy. Education is officially free and compulsory for children between the ages of 6 and 16, although access to quality education remains a challenge in rural and remote areas.

The education system is structured into three levels: primary education, secondary education, and higher education. Primary education lasts for six years, followed by seven years of secondary education, which is divided into two cycles. Higher education includes universities, institutes, and vocational schools, with the University of Marien Ngouabi in Brazzaville being the country’s main institution of higher learning.

While education is theoretically free, many families struggle to afford school supplies, uniforms, and transportation costs, particularly in rural areas. Additionally, the quality of education varies widely across different regions of the country, with urban areas generally having better-equipped schools and more qualified teachers.



The Republic of the Congo has several airports, with Maya-Maya Airport in Brazzaville and Pointe Noire Airport being the main international gateways. Other airports include Ollombo Airport, Ouesso Airport, and Dolisie Airport. Domestic flights connect major cities and towns within the country.


The Republic of the Congo has a limited railway network, with the Congo-Ocean Railway being the main line. The railway connects Brazzaville with the port city of Pointe-Noire and plays a crucial role in transporting goods, particularly minerals and forestry products, to the coast for export. The total length of the railway network is approximately 510 kilometers (317 miles).


The Republic of the Congo has an extensive road network, with major highways connecting urban centers and rural areas. The N1 highway runs from Brazzaville to Pointe-Noire and is the country’s main transportation artery. Other important highways include the N2, N3, and N4, which link various regions of the country.


The Republic of the Congo has several ports along its Atlantic coastline, including the Port of Pointe-Noire, which is the country’s main seaport and handles the majority of its maritime trade. Other ports include the Port of Brazzaville, which is located on the Congo River, and the Port of Oyo, which serves as an inland port for river transportation.

Country Facts

  • Population: 5.4 million
  • Capital: Brazzaville
  • Official Language: French
  • Religion: Christianity (predominantly Roman Catholicism)
  • Race: Kongo, Teke, Sangha, among others
  • Currency: Central African CFA franc (XAF)
  • ISO Country Code: CG
  • International Calling Code: +242
  • Top-Level Domain: .cg