How to Choose a Helmet?

How to Choose a Climbing Helmet

In climbing, canyoning, mountaineering, paragliding, skiing, a helmet is compulsory and very useful.Here are some tips for choosing the right helmet for you.

Autopsy of a helmet

The helmets can be made up of 2 different ways:

– Made of hard plastic. A hard and rigid ABS outer shell and a little expanded polystyrene above.This type of helmet is heavy, unpleasant but inexpensive and ultra durable.

– A helmet made entirely of expanded polystyrene with a thin layer of plastic (usually polycarbonate) to protect it. These helmets are lightweight and more pleasant to wear than ABS helmets.

– Without protective outer layer. This technology, invented by Petzl with the sirocco has made a consensus in the world of the mountain. Much lighter, these helmets with EPP foam are flexible, they make less than 170 grams and protect the head perfectly, for a very reasonable price.

Figure 1: Hard plastic, heavy but not very expensive Figure 2: A light and pleasant helmet. Figure 3: In EPP, sirocco is by far the lightest in the world

The weight

The weight is more important than one thinks on a helmet because it is nice but especially a lightweight helmet is less hangover and does not feel. The heaviest helmets make more than 300 grams, while the world’s lightest in 2014 was 150 grams.The vents

Aeration of a helmet is essential, but there must be no holes at the top of the helmet for the helmet to protect against falling stones.

The clamping system

What holds a helmet on the head is above all the clamping system at the back of the head. The chinstrap should in principle never be used.

In order for this system to be light and efficient, brands compete with ingenuity. The main ones remain the tightening with a castor, the tightening with a notched bar and the tightening with lanyard ultra light. All tightening is suitable even if the tightening of the strap (only available on petzl sirocco in 2014) is particularly pleasant and light.

Fitting

It is above all fitting that will make you choose a helmet. Even the best helmet in the world will be a horror to wear if it does not suit you.

The certification

All climbing and mountaineering helmets must have the EN 12492 certification mentioned on bicyclebazzar.com. This standard certifies that the helmet protects against falls of small stones and medium stones not too high. For the others … they will have to be avoided.

To get the standard the helmet undergoes:

– Frontal, lateral, vertical and rear impact.

– A penetration resistance test

– A resistance test of the chin strap

– A test of resistance of the retention system

To be certified the helmet should never leave the test head and the head should never undergo an impact greater than 1000 daN.

The UIAA 106 standard simply requires that the maximum impact force is in fact 800 daN instead of 1000. In fact, all EN certified helmets have obtained UIAA certification.

Examples of helmets based on your activity

Mountain helmets are developed for mountaineering, climbing, via ferrata and the ice cascade. Here are some of the most popular helmets of yeti that you can find on our website.

The Petzl Meteor , 220 grams, magnetic loop.

The Petzl sirocco 165 grams, magnetic loop, the lightest helmet in the world (20% less than the second lighter)

The armor camp , 374 grams, ABS but not very expensive.

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